Bauchi State was created in February 1976 from the former North Eastern State by the then regime of General Murtala Mohammed. It originally included the area now in Gombe State, which became a distinct state in 1996. It is made up of 20 local government areas.Its capital Bauchi.
Located in the North-Eastern part of the Nigeria, Bauchi State covers 45,837 square kilometers. Bauchi State is bounded by Kano and Jigawa to the north, Yobe and Gombe to the east and Kaduna State to the west and Plateau and Taraba State to the south.
The entire western and northern parts of the state are generally mountainous and rocky. This is as a result of the closeness of the state to the Jos Plateau and Cameroun mountains. Bauchi state is one of the states in the Northern part of Nigeria that span two distinctive vegetation zones, namely, the Sudan Savannah and the Sahel Savannah. Two main rivers transverse the state, the Gongola and Hadejia rivers. The climatic condition of Bauchi State is very hot in the months of April and May, while December and January are the coldest months.
Bauchi State has a total of 55 tribal groups in which Hausa, Fulani, Gerawa, Sayawa, Jarawa, Bolewa, Kare-Kare, Kanuri, Warjawa, Zulawa, and Badawa are the main tribes.
Bauchi was derived from Bauchi town. Bauchi town is named after Baushe, who was a brave hunter during his time. Baushe was the first settler in Bauchi before the arrival of Mallam Yakubu the first Bauchi ruler. Bauchi, according to early Hausa translators means, "no animal ever escaped the trap and arrow of a hunter".
Bauchi state is an agricultural state. Its vast fertile soil is an added advantage for agricultural products, which include maize, rice, millet, groundnut and guinea corn. Irrigation farming is practiced and supported by the use of dams like Balanga dam, etc. Cattle and other livestock are also reared in the state.
The state also has manufacturing industries in the area of Iron and Steel, Water, Ceramics, Food and Beverages etc.
Bauchi state is blessed with many tourist attractions. Bauchi State is home to the Yankari Game reserve (the biggest game reserve in West Africa), Premier Game Reserve, Rock Paintings at Goji and Shira, the State Museum among others.