Borno State was created formed in February 3, 1976 by the Murtala Mohamed out of the then North-Eastern State. Until August 1991, it contained what is now Yobe State. It's capital is Maiduguri.
Located in the North Eastern corner of Nigeria, Borno State occupies 70,898 square kilometres. Borno State occupies the greater part of the Chad Basin. Borno state shares borders with the Republics of Niger to the North, Chad to the North-East and Cameroun to the East.
Within Nigeria, Borno State shares boundaries with Adamawa State to the South, Gombe State to the West and Yobe State to the North-West.
Borno state derives it's name from the ancient Borno empire. The state is dominated by the Kanuri ethnic group, and is an example of the endurance of traditional political institutions in some areas of Africa. There, the emirs of the former Kanem-Bornu Empire have played a part in the politics of this area for nearly 1000 years.
Agriculture is the main stay of the Borno economy.