Enugu State was created on August 27, 1991 out of the then Anambra State (from what was formerly known as Anambra North) by the regime of General Ibrahim Babangida. It's capital is Enugu. The name of State derives from its capital city, Enugu. The word "Enugu" means "the top of the hill".
Situated in inland south eastern Nigeria, Enugu State covers 7,161 square kilometres. It shares boundaries with Anambra on the West, Abia State on the South, Kogi on the North while Benue and Ebonyi on the East, and Imo State on the south. Enugu and Nsukka are its major towns. Enugu was the headquarters of the former East Central State and Eastern Nigeria.
The state is situated on the highlands of the Agwu. Udi and Nsukka Hills to the east as well as Oji-River basin to the west.
Lying partly within the semi-tropical rain forest belt of the south, the State spreads towards the north through a land area of approximately 7,161 sq km. Its physical features change gradually from tropical rain forest to open wood-land and then to Savannah. Apart from a chain of low hills, running through Abakaliki, Ebonyi State in the east to Nsukka in the north-west, and southwards through Enugu and Agwu, the rest of the state is made up of low land separated by numerous streams and rivulets, the major ones of which are the Adada River and the Oji River.
Enugu State It is noted for its coal deposits. Its main economy depended on coal before the discovery of oil in commercial quantities. That is the main reason Enugu is nick named the coal city.
The state is predominantly agricultural with yam tubers, palm produce and rice being their main produce.
Besides coal, new mineral deposits have recently been discovered in Enugu State. These include limestone, iron ore, crude oil, natural gas and bauxite.
A network of roads connect important centres of trade and industry in the state. A rail line of the Eastern District of the Nigerian Railways runs through the State Capital Enugu to Port-Harcourt in Rivers State and Enugu to Makurdi then Northwards.
Enugu State has many industries that satisfy both local and international needs: these include; Enugu Vegetable Oil Products Limited, Nachi, Nigergas Company Limited, Emene, Aluminium Product Limited, Ohebe-Dim, Enugu Building Materials Industries Ltd, Ezzamgbo, Emenite Ltd, Emene, Anambra Motor Manufacturing Company Ltd, Premier Cashew Industries Ltd, Oghe, Nigersteels Industries Ltd, Emene, Sunrise Flour Mill Ltd, Emene. Ama Brewries PLC reported to be the largest in Africa is located in Enugu
Others are Ebony Paints Ltd, V . S. A. Livestock Feedmill, Ngwo, Projects Development Agency, the
Enyimba Salt Project and the Vanguard Industries and the Nigerian Construction and Furniture Company (NCFC), Enugu.
The Nike Lake Resort which is located about 10km away from Enugu, the state capital, provides a good spot for tourists in the state. The Five Star Hotel stand out as one of the key points in the state's drive for tourism. There are also the new yam and Mmanwu festivals.
There are other good hotels such as Hotel Presidential, Modotel, The Zodiac Hotels amongst others