Community Health: Treatment, Diagnosis and Prevention


Measles is an infectious disease causing fever and a red rash on the skin, mainly affects children but can occur at any age. Measles, also known as Rubeola or morbilli it is a viral infection of the respiratory system.
 Measles is a very contagious disease that can spread through contact with infected mucus and saliva. The coughing or sneezing of an infected person can release the virus into the air. The virus can live on surfaces for several hours. As the infected particles enter the air and settle on surfaces, anyone within close proximity can become infected with the measles virus.
What Causes Measles?
You can contact Measles through:

What Are the Symptoms/Signs of Measles?

A widespread skin rash is a classic sign of measles. This rash can last up to seven days and generally appears within the first three to five days of exposure to the virus. A measles rash commonly develops at the head and slowly spreads to other parts of the body.
Symptoms/Signs of Measles Rash
Red Itchy Bumps
Red Rash
How to diagnose Measles
Your doctor will usually be able to diagnose measles from the combination of your symptoms, especially the characteristic rash and the small spots inside your mouth. However, a simple blood or saliva test is usually done to confirm the diagnosis.
Complications of measles
Measles is the fifth leading cause of death and sickness in children worldwide, reports the Better Health Channel.
When to call the Doctor
Call the doctor immediately if you suspect that your child has measles. Also, it's important to get medical care when you notice that if your child is having any of these:
· A fit (convulsion). Most important: remember that measles, a once common disease, is preventable through routine childhood immunization.
· Breathing Difficulties
· Drowsiness
What is the danger of getting Measles while pregnant?
If a woman contracts measles while she is pregnant, she may have a miscarriage, a stillbirth, or a preterm delivery. But for German measles which also known as rubella virus this has risk of having birth defects
How to Prevent Measles
  People who cannot show that they were vaccinated as children and who have never had measles should be vaccinated.
Infants 6-11 months of age should have 1 dose of measles vaccine if traveling internationally.
Children in the United States routinely receive measles vaccination at 12-15 months of age.
Infants vaccinated before or 12 months of age should be revaccinated on or after the first birthday with 2 doses, separated by at least 28 days.
Adolescents and adults who have not had measles or have not been vaccinated should get 2 doses, separated by at least 28 days.
Two doses of MMR (measles, mumps & rubella) vaccine is nearly 100% effective at preventing measles.
Treatment for Measles
There is no specific measles treatment. If there are no complications the doctor will recommend plenty of rest and normal measures to control the fever and prevent dehydration (drink fluids). Symptoms will usually go away within 7 to 10 days.
If your child has measles, the following measures may help:
As measles is caused by a virus antibiotics will not have any effect on it. However, sometimes antibiotics may be prescribed for any infections that may develop.
Measles Home Remedies/Home Cure
If you or your child has measles, the first thing that you need to do is to keep your doctor informed as you monitor the progress of the disease and watch for complications. Also try to do these: