African Development Bank enters new $1 billion exposure exchange with the Asian Development Bank to increase development lending capacity.

Exposure exchanges between multilateral development banks involve a synthetic exchange of sovereign exposures.

The Board of Directors of the African Development Bank ( has approved a $1 billion exposure exchange with the Asian Development Bank. The transaction will support its efforts to unlock additional sovereign lending headroom. It will also bolster continued efforts to create buffers within the African Development Bank’s capital adequacy metrics.

This new exposure exchange agreement is the second transaction that the African Development Bank has executed following the success of the first agreement finalized in 2015 with the Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank Group’s International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

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Exposure exchanges between multilateral development banks involve a synthetic exchange of sovereign exposures in a risk-neutral manner to help address single obligor constraints and portfolio concentration.

This new exposure exchange allows the African Development Bank to continue supporting its regional member countries, particularly following the Covid-19 pandemic, combined with the spillover effects of the Russian–Ukraine war, which affected most African countries.

The exposure exchange with the Asian Development Bank is a continued step in implementing the G20 Action Plan to optimize balance sheets of multilateral development banks without substantially increasing risk or adversely affecting their credit ratings.

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Although the African Development Bank’s current prudential ratios are compliant with their statutory limits and S&P Global Ratings has confirmed its credit rating at AAA, this second exposure exchange will allow the Bank to provide African countries with additional financing, particularly those where it is necessary to increase countercyclical lending, while complying with its internal single obligor limits and concentration ratios.  

Commenting on the transaction, Max Ndiaye, Director of the Syndications, Co-financing and Client Solutions Department at the African Development Bank, said: “This operation demonstrates the relevance of the African Development Bank and its peer institutions in adhering to the G20 call on the multilateral development bank community to collaborate in adopting innovative approaches and initiatives. This includes risk transfers to maximize capital for increased development lending.”

About the African Development Bank Group:
The African Development Bank Group is Africa’s premier development finance institution. It comprises three distinct entities: the African Development Bank (AfDB), the African Development Fund (ADF) and the Nigeria Trust Fund (NTF). On the ground in 41 African countries with an external office in Japan, the Bank contributes to the economic development and the social progress of its 54 regional member states.

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