Nigeria has received foreign direct investment (FDI) to the tune of $223.3 million between January and May 2022. This shows an increase of 3.7 per cent when compared to $215.3 million recorded in the corresponding period of 2021. However when compared to comparable period of 2020, FDI declined by 7.5 per cent from $241.5 million received in the period under review.
This figures are available with the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). Nigeria’s foreign direct investment has dwindled significantly recently, hitting a record low of $698.8 million in 2021, most of which was equity. Foreign direct investment is a form of inflow in which investors bring in their investments in an enterprise in another economy with the objective of gaining control or exerting significant influence over the management of the firm.
Increased foreign direct investment is believed to help improve the level of employment in the country, allowing the transfer of technology, thereby contributing to economic growth. According to the Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), FDI is an integral part of an open and effective international economic system and a major catalyst for a country’s development. On the other hand, the inability of foreign investors to repatriate their proceeds from the Nigerian economy has also further affected inflows of foreign direct investments into Nigeria. Last month, the International Air Transport Association (IATA) said that Nigeria is withholding an estimated $450 million in revenue belonging to foreign airlines due to forex shortages.
A major issue, which has discouraged foreign players from bringing their monies into the economy, further causing a shock in FX supply, consequently leading to the depreciation of the local currency. In the same vein, the decline in Nigeria’s crude oil production levels has also resulted in a decline in the nation’s oil export earnings, while Nigeria is still very much dependent on importation.