Guide to Profitable Investment in Pig Farming - Cont'd
The farmer says further that pig farming requires a lot of patience and attention, noting that though she has attendants working on her farm, she usually arrives at the farm as early as 8am daily to supervise the sweeping of the pen, clearing of the waste and washing of the animals.
“After washing the pigs, we then give them their breakfast. They feed on roughages and stalk which I buy from beverage companies. A truck of roughages goes for about N6,000 and I buy it twice a month because I feed them three times daily. They also feed on the stem of fluted pumpkin, yam, pineapple and the peel of a wide variety of edible items. That is one of the advantages of pig farming,” she says.
She says that the farm employed the services of a veterinary doctor who visits the pig sty everyday to inspect and administer drugs on the animals.
Speaking on pigs’ reproductive process, she says the pregnancy of a sow (female pig) lasts about 115 days before it delivers. After delivery, the piglets are fed with breast milk for six weeks and from the tenth week, they become growers.
From the growers’ stage, Adetutu says the next stage is “about to cross,” noting that at that stage, the pigs are ready for mating, and if they become pregnant, each is capable of delivering at least 10 piglets.
She estimates that a beginner who wants to venture into pig farming can start with anything provided that he has a piece of land, but that a large scale farmer would need about N2.5m minimum to take off.
She says that people come from Edo, Delta, Bayelsa and Rivers states as well as some West African countries to her farm to buy the pigs, while some people around the site of the farm also come around to buy for domestic consumption.
Noting that operating cost is a major factor militating against the business, she calls on the government to intervene by way of assisting farmers with soft loans.
Corroborating Adetutu’s views, another pig farmer and the Chairman, Lagos State Council, Agricultural and Allied Workers’ Union of Nigeria, Mr. Obafemi Oyenubi, says pig farming is one of the cheapest agricultural businesses one can invest in because it is not “highly capital intensive.”
He says that beyond the erection of the pen, the beginner must be conscious of the type of species he acquires so that he would be able to control diseases when they break out.
Oyenubi advises that the location of the pen should not be close to where people live so that the health condition of the pigs would not affect them.
He urges beginners not to be laid back by the general believe that pig farming is a dirty business, saying that with a pen that has a cemented floor and proper attention given to the pigs, they can be made clean.
“Apart from the challenge of sourcing for roughages, I don’t think there is any other one. The return on investment in the business is very high because a female pig gives birth to about 10 piglets twice in a year, and each piglet sells for about N3,500.”
- Culled From Punch
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