Community Health



DIARRHEA



ngDiarrhea

Diarrhea:
Diarrhea is one of the most common illnesses that affect children (Watery Stool). It is an Infection from viruses, bacteria and parasites which are rotavirus, salmonella and giardia respectively. Diarrhea caused by viruses is the most common one, when you have diarrhea, your bowel movements (stools) are loose and watery.

Causes Diarrhea?

Usually, diarrhea is caused by a virus that infects the gut. Some people call it "intestinal flu" or "stomach flu." 
It can also happen due to:
Diarrhea may also follow constipation, especially for people who have irritable bowel syndrome.
Symptoms/Signs Diarrhea are:
Gastroenteritis can last for 5 to14 days. Within this period it is important to prevent fluid loss. Allow the baby to suck breast milk very well or prepare an oral rehydration solution (ORS) which also known as Salt and Sugar solution for the child. Water alone doesn't have enough sodium, potassium, and other nutrients to safely rehydrate very young children. Go to the health centre/hospital to see the doctor let him know the amount of fluids your child has lost and how to replace it with drip. Let him arrange on how your baby would get them, and when to give them. 
You may also have:
More serious symptoms include:
If you have watery stools more than three times a day and you don't drink enough fluids, you could become dehydrated. That can be dangerous if it's not treated.
How to Prevent Diarrhea

Infectious Diarrhea can be prevented.
The most important way to avoid diarrhea is to avoid coming into contact with infectious agents that can cause it. This first thing is hand washing and hygiene are very important.
Also, if you travel to developing countries, you should take the following precautions:
How to diagnose diarrhea
Tests and procedures used to determine the cause of your diarrhea which may include:

When Should I Call My Doctor?

Call your doctor immediately if you have:
Also, call your doctor right away if you have diarrhea and any of these signs of dehydration:

Treatment for Diarrhea

If your case is mild, you may not need to take anything. Or you can take an over-the-counter medicine such as bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol, Kaopectate) or loperamide (Imodium) which are available as liquids or tablets. Follow the instructions on the package.
If you have itching, burning, soreness, or pain in your rectal area because you have a lot of bowel movements, try these tips to feel better: 
How to Prepare Homemade ORS for Adult

Mix the three items together and drink at least six glass cup in a day, or take at least one cup of the solution each time you (excreate) poo.
Do your best to stay hydrated. You should drink at least six glasses cup of fluid each day.
Choose fruit juice without pulp,soda (without caffeine).

The ORS drink solution is ready to be consumed by the child.

Let the child that has diarrhea drink at least six glass cup in a day, or take at least one small glass cup of the solution each time you (excreate) poo. OR Drink sips of the ORS (or give the ORS solution to the conscious dehydrated person) every 5 minutes until urination becomes normal. (It's normal to urinate four or five times a day.) Adults and large children should drink at least 3 quarts or litres of ORS a day until they are well. If you are vomiting, continue to try to drink the ORS.

Home Remedies
Yogurt
Directions
Yogurt that is not pre flavored will work better against diarrhea. It can be mixed in with fruits like a banana to make it taste better.
 Take four table spoons of yogurt twice a day will help improve diarrhea effectively. Add a banana with your yogurt to make it taste better.

Plain White Rice
It is very good to eat it alone when having diarrhea
Directions
The reason why eating plain white rice can be effective is because the rice can help the stools become harder. Eat the white rice without any sauce or other spices. As the diarrhea improves, try eating more and more plain, white rice.

Click here to read Natural Therapy for Diarrhea