Community Health



HEPATITIS B


What Is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B a severe form of viral hepatitis transmitted in infected blood, causing fever, debility, and jaundice. It is an inflammation of the liver.
Hepatitis B infection may be either short-lived (acute) or long lasting (chronic).

Hepatitis
 
The younger you are when you get hepatitis B — particularly newborns or children younger than 5 — the higher your risk the infection becoming chronic. Chronic infection may go undetected for decades until a person becomes seriously ill from liver disease.
Causes of Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is an infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. The virus is found in the blood and bodily fluids of an infected person.
Symptoms/Signs of Hepatitis B
Dark urine/Grey-coloured poo
Diarrhea                                                 
Feeling and being sick
General aches and pains
High temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) or above
Loss of appetite
Tiredness
Tummy (abdominal) pain
Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
Incubation period of hepatitis b
Symptoms appear about 3 months after you have contact with the virus. But they can appear as soon as 2 months to as late as 5 months after contact.
The hepatitis B virus can be spread in the following ways:
How to diagnose Hepatitis B
Your doctor will diagnose hepatitis B based on a physical exam and blood tests. He or she also will ask about your medical history (including possible risks for the virus, such as your job and sexual activity).

Blood tests to diagnose hepatitis B

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Test
Hepatitis B Core Antigen Test
Antibody Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Test
Liver Function Tests
How to Prevent Hepatitis B
The hepatitis B vaccine is the best way to prevent infection. Vaccination is optional. The following groups should receive the hepatitis B vaccine:
Treatment for Hepatitis B

Treatment for acute hepatitis B infection

If your doctor determines your hepatitis B infection is acute — meaning it is short-lived and will go away on its own — you may not need treatment. Instead, your doctor might recommend rest and adequate nutrition and fluids while your body fights the infection.

Treatment for chronic hepatitis B infection

If you have been diagnosed with second stage of hepatitis which is chronic hepatitis B infection, you may have treatment to reduce the risk of liver disease and prevent you from passing the infection to others. Treatments include:
Other drugs to treat hepatitis B are being developed.
Hepatitis B Home Remedies/Home Cure
Home treatment can help relieve symptoms and prevent the spread of hepatitis B virus (HBV).

Avoid alcohol and drugs

Avoid strenuous exercise.
Reduce your activity to match your energy. You don't have to stay in bed, but listen to your body. Slow down when you are tired.
Eat well make sure the food are balanced (Balanced diet)
Don't share implements. If you use IV drugs, never share needles and syringes. And don't share razor blades or toothbrushes, which may carry traces of infected blood.
Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
Click here to read Natural Therapy for Hepatitis B
Complications of Hepatitis B
·  Scarring of the liver (cirrhosis). The inflammation associated with a hepatitis B infection can lead to extensive liver scarring (cirrhosis), which may impair the liver's ability to function.
·  Liver cancer
·  Liver failure