Hernia



Hernia


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What Is Hernia?
A hernia occurs when there is a weakness or hole in the muscular wall that usually keeps abdominal organs in place. This muscular wall is called the peritoneum.
Hernia is a condition in which part of an organ is displaced and protrudes through the wall of the cavity containing it (often involving the intestine at a weak point in the abdominal wall).
A hernia is an opening or tears in the muscles covering the belly. This permits a loop of gut to push through and form a lump under the skin. Hernias usually come from lifting something heavy, or straining (as during childbirth). Some babies are born with a hernia.
In men, hernias are common in the groin. Swollen lymph nodes may also cause lumps in the groin.
Hernias are most common in the abdomen, but they can also appear in the upper thigh, belly button, and groin areas. Causes of Hernia
With the exception of an incisional hernia (a complication of abdominal surgery), in most cases, there is no obvious reason for a hernia to occur. The risk of hernia increases with age and hernia occurs more commonly in men than in women. A hernia can be congenital - present at birth - or develop in children who have a weakness in their abdominal wall. Activities and medical problems that increase pressure on the abdominal wall can lead to a hernia.
Straining on the toilet (due to long-term constipation) Where Hernias can be found in the body?                                                  Types of Hernia In an inguinal hernia, the intestine or the bladder protrudes through the abdominal wall or into the inguinal canal in the groin. About 96% of all groin hernias are inguinal, and most occur in men because of a natural weakness in this area.
In an incisional hernia, the intestine pushes through the abdominal wall at the site of previous abdominal surgery. This type is most common in elderly or overweight people who are inactive after abdominal surgery.
A femoral hernia occurs when the intestine enters the canal carrying the femoral artery into the upper thigh. Femoral hernias are most common in women, especially those who are pregnant or obese.
In an umbilical hernia, part of the small intestine passes through the abdominal wall near the navel. Common in newborns, it also commonly afflicts obese women or those who have had many children.
A hiatal hernia happens when the upper stomach squeezes through the hiatus, an opening in the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes. Symptoms/Signs of Hernia    
The most common symptom of a hernia is a bulge or lump in the affected area. In the case of an inguinal hernia, you may notice a lump on either side of your pubic bone where your groin and thigh meet. Youre more likely to feel your hernia through touch when youre standing up.
If your baby has a hernia, you may only be able to feel the bulge when he or she is crying. A bulge is typically the only symptom of an umbilical hernia.
Other common symptoms of an inguinal hernia include:
Pain or discomfort in the affected area (usually the lower abdomen), especially when bending over, coughing
Lifting
Weakness
Pressure or a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen a burning,
Gurgling, or aching sensation at the site of the bulge
Symptoms of a hiatal hernia include: How to diagnose Hernia How to Prevent Hernia           
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As was previously mentioned, most hernias are caused by genetics, usually some structural weakness in the facia lining of the abdominal wall thats beyond our control. But regardless of genetics there are still some simple preventative measures that you can take to help prevent getting a hernia.   Workout & Lift Weights: A lot of bodybuilders and weight lifters are afraid of getting a hernia when lifting weights. Which is understandable, but the good news is that when done properly a regular weight lifting routine can actually help prevent hernias from occurring in the first place.
Strength training builds up the muscles, tendons, ligaments, and connective tissues. Bodybuilders and weight lifters will have a stronger abdominal wall lining compared to sedentary individuals, and thus are less likely to tear that lining when lifting. A lot of times acquired hernias happen to people who are out of shape and then all of a sudden perform some type of heavy lifting such as; moving furniture, pushing a stuck car, or doing heavy manual labor that their body is not accustomed to performing.
Now even though working out and keeping active can help prevent a hernia, you still need to be smart about it. A lot of the general workout tips for injury prevention will also apply to hernia prevention. Start Each Workout With A Good Warm Up – I have posted a video outlining a complete warm up routine that you can follow before each weight training workout here.
Progress Slow & Steady – Lift within your means and when you increase the weights you are lifting, do so in small increments. Youll make better progress and reduce your risk of injury by making frequent small increments in weight, rather than trying to make too big of a jump and lifting too much too soon.
Breathe Into Your Belly – The best way to breathe when lifting weights is abdominal breathing. When you breathe in your should feel your stomach expand, and when you breathe out your stomach should contract. Practice this when you are in the gym. As you lower the weight, breathe in and expand your belly. Then when you lift the weight, blow your air out and let your belly contract. This style of breathing is not only safer, but it will make you feel stronger as well because it helps to stabilize your torso when lifting.
Maintain a Healthy Body Weight: Another big risk factor for hernias is being overweight. Carrying a lot of extra weight around the stomach will stretch and weaken the abdominal lining and increase your risk of having a hernia. This is another plus for bodybuilders and athletes because they are more likely to be leaner and maintain a healthy body weight compared to sedentary individuals.
Avoid Smoking: Im pretty sure everyone who is reading this article right now knows that smoking is unhealthy. So Im not going to bore you with an anti-smoking pitch. But you probably didnt know that smoking can increase your risk of getting a hernia. Smoking loads your body with dangerous toxins that adversely effect the bodys ability to produce enzymes which promote cell creation and growth. This can weaken the abdominal lining. In addition to that, heavy coughing (which is common among smokers) can cause the weakened abdominal lining to tear and cause a hernia.
Move Your Bowels: If you are constipated and have to strain in order to have a bowel movement this is putting a lot of pressure on the muscles and connective tissue in your abdomen. This could result in tearing the abdominal lining. To help keep yourself regular make sure to eat a healthy diet that is high in natural unprocessed foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
You should also drink lots of water (about 1 gallon per day for bodybuilders and athletes). In addition to keeping you hydrated, water flushes toxins out of your body and it also flushes the bowels so that its easier to have a poop. Ideally you should have a poop at least once or twice per day. If you are not doing a popo everyday, than you are constipated and should change your dietary habits and check with your doctor.
Treatment for Hernia
Treatment for hernia varies according to the age and general health of the patient as well as the type and severity of hernia involved. While some hernias resolve themselves, surgery is often required. Repair of hernia is often carried out on outpatient basis.
Hernia surgery involves an incision at the hernial site after which the surgeon will either move the protruding contents of the hernia back into the abdominal cavity or remove the contents altogether. The latter option may be used in cases where the intestines are strangulated. Following repair, the weakened tissue that contributed to the development of the hernia will be closed and reinforced with stitching or (in the case of larger hernias) synthetic mesh. Following surgery, intravenous fluids and pain-medication will generally be given.
Light activities can often be resumed within days of hospital release, but strenuous activity must be strictly avoided until healing is complete. In most cases, this requires six to eight weeks.
Note:
If a hernia suddenly becomes large or painful, try to make it go back in by lying with the feet higher than the head and pressing gently on the bulge. If it will not go back, seek medical help.
Hernia Home Remedies/Home Cure Complications of Hernia
An untreated hernia may be complicated by: